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【统战史话•人民民主统一战线】改善民族关系与加强民族团结


发布时间: 2020- 05- 07 09: 31 字号: [ ] 视力保护色:


BEIJINGDAODU: XINZHONGGUOCHENGLIHEXIANGSHEHUIZHUYIGUODUSHIQIDERENMINMINZHUTONGYIZHANXIAN(1949NIAN10YUE—1956NIAN9YUE)

5分飞艇XINZHONGGUOCHENGLIHOU,ZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGDEDIWEIFASHENGLEGENBENXINGDEBIANHUA,CHENGWEIZHANGWOQUANGUOZHENGQUAN、LINGDAOSHEHUIZHUYIGEMINGHEJIANSHEDEZHIZHENGDANG。ZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGLINGDAORENMINGONGGUXINSHENGDERENMINZHENGQUAN,XUNSUHUIFUGUOMINJINGJI,CHUBUJIANLILESHEHUIZHUYIJIBENZHIDU,SHIXIANLECONGXINMINZHUZHUYIXIANGSHEHUIZHUYIDELISHIXINGZHUANBIAN。ZAIZHEIYIWEIDAJINCHENGZHONG,RENMINMINZHUTONGYIZHANXIANZIJUEFUCONGFUWUYURENMINMINZHUZHUANZHENGDEGONGGU、GUOMINJINGJIDEHUIFUFAZHAN、DANGZAIGUODUSHIQIZONGLUXIANDEGUANCHEZHIXING,CHENGGONGDIWANCHENGLEDUIZIBENZHUYIGONGSHANGYEDESHEHUIZHUYIGAIZAO,JINYIBUGONGGUHEFAZHANLERENMINMINZHUTONGYIZHANXIAN,WEISHEHUIZHUYIGEMINGHEJIANSHEZUOCHULELISHIXINGGONGXIAN。

派出民族访问团

5分飞艇XINZHONGGUOCHENGLIHOU,DANGBAJIAQIANGYUGESHAOSHUMINZUDETUANJIEZUOWEIYIXIANGZHONGYAORENWU。WEILEJIEGEMINZUDESHENGHUOZHUANGKUANG,JIAQIANGYUGEMINZURENMINDELIANXI,CONG1950NIANKAISHI,ZHONGYANGJIUXIANGQUANGUOGEMINZUDIQUPAICHUFANGWENTUAN,YOUGUANDEZHONGYANGJU、SHENG、ZIZHIQUHEDI(ZHOU)、XIANYEPEIHEZHONGYANGMINZUFANGWENTUAN,XIANHOUPAICHULERUOGANGEMINZUFANGWENTUAN、WEIWENTUANHEGONGZUOZU,CHIXUSHIDUONIAN。JINZHONGYANGPAICHUDEMINZUFANGWENTUANJIUCENGXIANHOUFANGWENLEXINANDEYUNNAN、XIKANG、SICHUAN、GUIZHOU,XIBEIDEXINJIANG、GANSU、NINGXIA、QINGHAI,ZHONGNANDEGUANGDONG、GUANGXI、HUNAN、HENAN,HUABEIDENEIMENGGU、SUIYUANYIJIDONGBEIGESHENGDENGDIDESHAOSHUMINZUHEBIANJIANGMINZUDIQU,XIANGSHAOSHUMINZUQUNZHONGXUANCHUANDANGHEGUOJIADEMINZUZHENGCE,ZHAOKAIGEZUDAIBIAOZUOTANHUI,LEJIETAMENDEJIKUHEYAOQIU,ZHENGQIUTAMENDUIMINZUGONGZUODEYIJIAN,BINGXIANGSHENGHUOTEBIEKUNNANDESHAOSHUMINZUQUNZHONGFAFANGSHIYAN、BUPI、YAOPIN、YILIAOSHOUSHUQIXIE、NONGJUJIDALIANGSHENGHUOYONGPIN。ZHEIXIEDAGUIMODEFANGWENHUODONG,SHENSHOUGEZUQUNZHONGHUANYING,YOUXIAOSHUTONGLEMINZUGUANXI,DUIYUKUODADANGZAISHAOSHUMINZUDIQUDEQUNZHONGJICHUHEZHENGCEYINGXIANG,JIAQIANGHEGAIJINDANGHEZHENGFUDEMINZUGONGZUO,ZENGJINGEMINZUDETUANJIE,QIDAOLEHENDADETUIDONGZUOYONG。

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1953NIANYUANDAN,MAOZEDONGZAIZHONGNANHAIJIEJIANSHAOSHUMINZUCANGUANTUAN

YUCITONGSHI,GEDIYEZUZHILEGESHAOSHUMINZUDIQUJIBAIGEMINZUCANGUANTUAN、DAIBIAOTUAN、GUOQINGGUANLITUANDENG,DAOBEIJINGHENEIDICANGUANFANGWEN。DANGHEGUOJIALINGDAORENMAOZEDONG、LIUSHAOQI、ZHOUENLAI、ZHUDEDENGDOUXIANHOUDUOCIJIEJIAN、SHEYANKUANDAI,BINGQINGTINGTAMENDEYIJIANJIANYI,YOUXIAODISHUTONGHEGAISHANLEMINZUGUANXI,ZENGJINLEMINZUZHIJIANDEXINRENHETUANJIE,ZENGJINLEGEMINZUDUIZUGUODERENTONGHEREAI。

开展民族识别

ZAIXINZHONGGUOCHENGLIYIQIAN,ZHONGGUOJIUJINGYOUDUOSHAOSHAOSHUMINZU,BINGBUQINGCHU。1953NIAN,JIEHEQUANGUOPUXUAN,JINXINGLEXINZHONGGUOCHENGLIHOUDEDIYICIQUANGUORENKOUDIAOCHA。ZAIQUANGUO6.19YIRENKOUZHONG,CHUHANZUWAIDEQITAMINZUGONG3532WANREN,YUEZHANQUANGUORENKOUZONGSHUDE6.06%。ZAIRENKOUPUCHAZHONG,HUIZONGGEDIDENGJIZIBAODEMINZUMINGCHENGYOU400DUOGE,JINYUNNANJIUYOU260DUOGE。

5分飞艇WEILEQUANMIANGUANCHESHIXINGMINZUPINGDENGZHENGCE,CONG1953NIANQI,DANGHEZHENGFUZUZHILEDAGUIMODEMINZUSHIBIEKAOCHAGONGZUO,BIANBIEMINZUCHENGFENHEMINZUMINGCHENG。SHIBIEKAOCHACONGZHONGGUODELISHIHEXIANSHIQINGKUANGCHUFA,ANZHAOKEXUERENDINGYUBENMINZUYIYUANXIANGJIEHEDEYUANZE,ZHIYAOJUYOUGOUCHENGDANYIMINZUTIAOJIANDE,BUGUANQISHEHUIFAZHANSHUIPINGRUHE,BULUNQIJUZHUQUYUDAXIAOHERENKOUDUOSHAO,DOURENDINGWEIYIGEMINZU。

5分飞艇JINGGUORENZHENDEDIAOCHAYANJIU,DAO1954NIAN,ZHONGGUOZHENGFUQUERENLE38GESHAOSHUMINZU。1964NIANZHONGGUOZHENGFUYOUQUERENLE15GEMINZU,1965NIANQUERENLELUOBAZU,1979NIANQUERENLEJINUOZU。DAO20SHIJI80NIANDAIZHONGHOUQI,MINZUSHIBIEHEGENGGAIMINZUCHENGFENGONGZUOJIBENWANCHENG,QUANGUO55GESHAOSHUMINZUDOUBEIZHENGSHIQUERENBINGGONGBU。55GESHAOSHUMINZUJIASHANGHANZU,ZHONGGUOGONGYOU56GEMINZU,JIHAN、MENGGU、HUI、ZANG、WEIWUER、MIAO、YI、ZHUANG、BUYI、CHAOXIAN、MAN、DONG、YAO、BAI、TUJIA、HANI、HASAKE、DAI、LI、LISU、WA、SHE、GAOSHAN、LAHU、SHUI、DONGXIANG、NAXI、JINGPO、KEERKEZI、TU、DAWOER、MULAO、QIANG、BULANG、SALA、MAONAN、GELAO、XIBO、ACHANG、PUMI、TAJIKE、NU、WUZIBIEKE、ELUOSI、EWENKE、DEANG、BAOAN、YUGU、JING、TATAER、DULONG、ELUNCHUN、HEZHE、MENBA、LUOBAHEJINUOZU。QIZHONG,HANZURENKOUZHANJUEDADUOSHU,QITA55GEMINZURENKOUXIANGDUIJIAOSHAO,XIGUANSHANGCHENGWEISHAOSHUMINZU。MINZUSHIBIEGONGZUOSHIXUDUOBUBEIJIUZHONGGUODETONGZHIZHECHENGRENDESHAOSHUMINZUHUODELEYINGYOUDECHENGREN,BINGYUQITAMINZUYIYANGXIANGYOUPINGDENGQUANLI。

消除民族歧视

WEILEJIANJUEXIAOCHUJIUZHONGGUOTONGZHIZHESHIXINGQIWUSHAOSHUMINZUDEQISHIZHENGCEDEZHONGZHONGYINGXIANG,1951NIAN5YUEFABUDE《ZHENGWUYUANGUANYUCHULIDAIYOUQISHIHUOWURUSHAOSHUMINZUXINGZHIDECHENGWEI、DIMING、BEIJIE、BIANLIANDEZHISHI》,QIANGDIAOWEIJIAQIANGMINZUTUANJIE,JINZHIMINZUJIANDEQISHIYUWURU,DUIYULISHISHANGYILIUXIALAIDEQIANGJIAYUSHAOSHUMINZUDECHENGWEIJIYOUGUANSHAOSHUMINZUDEDIMING、BEIJIE、BIANLIANDENG,RUDAIYOUQISHIHEWURUSHAOSHUMINZUYISIZHE,YINGFENBIEYUYIJINZHI、GENGGAI、FENGCUNHUOSHOUGUAN。

5分飞艇GENJUZHEIYIZHISHI,YOUGUANSHENG、ZIZHIQUDOUZHIDINGZHUANMENJIGOUDUICIJINXINGLEDIAOCHAYANJIU,YIJINGFAXIANDOULUXUZUOLEGENGGAI。LIRUNEIMENGGUZIZHIQUSHOUFU“GUISUI”GAIMINGWEI“HUHEHAOTE”,XINJIANGWEIWUERZIZHIQUSHOUFU“DIHUA”GAIMINGWEI“WULUMUQI”,“TONGZU”GAIWEI“ZHUANGZU”,“KAWAZU”GAIWEI“WAZU”,“BENGLONGZU”GAIWEI“DEANGZU”DENGDENG。JIEGUOZHENGMING,ZHEISHIYIXIANGSHENDEGESHAOSHUMINZUQUNZHONGYONGHUDEJUCUO。YIWEIYAOZULINGDAOGANBUXINGXIANGDISHUO: JIUZHONGGUO,5FENFEITINGYAOZUBEICHENGZUO“YAO”,SHI“DONGWU”;JIEFANGLE,5FENFEITINGBEICHENGZUO“YAO”,BIANCHENGLE“REN”;MINZUSHIBIEHOU,5FENFEITINGBEICHENGZUO“YAO”,BIANCHENGLE“YU”。CONG“DONGWU”DAO“REN”ZAIDAO“BAO”。XINZHONGGUODECHENGLISHISHAOSHUMINZUDEYIZHONGHUAMINZUDAJIATINGZHONGPINGDENGYIGUANDEDIWEIDENGSHANGLISHIWUTAI,CHENGWEIGUOJIAHESHEHUIDEZHUREN。

培训少数民族干部

1949NIAN11YUE,MAOZEDONGZAIJIXIBEIJUDEDIANBAOZHONGZHISHI: “YAOCHEDIJIEJUEMINZUWENTI,WANQUANGULIMINZUFANDONGPAI,MEIYOUDAPICONGSHAOSHUMINZUCHUSHENDEGONGCHANZHUYIGANBU,SHIBUKENENGDE”,YAOQIU“QINGHAI、GANSU、XINJIANG、NINGXIA、SHANXIGESHENGSHENGWEIJIYIQIEYOUSHAOSHUMINZUCUNZAIDIFANGDEDIWEI,DOUYINGKAIBANSHAOSHUMINZUGANBUXUNLIANBAN,HUOGANBUXUNLIANXUEXIAO”。

5分飞艇1951NIAN2YUE,ZHONGGONGZHONGYANGZHENGZHIJUKUODAHUIYIZUOCHUJUEYI,BATUIXINGMINZUQUYUZIZHIHEXUNLIANSHAOSHUMINZUZIJIDEGANBU,ZUOWEIDANGZAISHAOSHUMINZUZHONGJINXINGDELIANGXIANGZHONGXINGONGZUO。

5分飞艇JUCI,ZHONGYANGZHIDINGLEPEIYANGSHAOSHUMINZUGANBUDEFANGAN,JUEDINGZAIBEIJINGJIANLIZHONGYANGMINZUXUEYUAN,ZUOWEIPEIYANGSHAOSHUMINZUGANBUDEJIDI。TONGSHIHAIJUEDINGZAIXIBEI、XINAN、ZHONGNANGESHEZHONGYANGMINZUXUEYUANFENYUANYICHU,BIYAOSHIHAIKEZENGSHE。

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5分飞艇GEDICHUZAIGONGZUOZHONGFANGSHOUSHIYONGHEDADANTIBASHAOSHUMINZUGANBUWAI,HAIPUBIANKAIBANLEGEZHONGMINZUGANBUXUNLIANBANHEMINZUGANBUXUEXIAO。

5分飞艇ZHI1954NIANDI,ZHONGYANGMINZUXUEYUANJIXIBEI、XINAN、ZHONGNAN、YUNNAN、GUIZHOU、GUANGXI、GUANGDONGDENGBASUOMINZUXUEYUAN,GONGBIYEXUESHENG1.1WANDUOMING。TONGGUOSHIJIGONGZUODUANLIANHEDUANQIPEIXUNDENGBANFA,PEIYANGLEYIDAPISHAOSHUMINZUGANBU。1951NIAN,QUANGUOPEIYANGSHAOSHUMINZUGANBU5WANDUOREN,1953NIANCHAOGUO10WANREN,1956NIANGENGDA20WANRENYISHANG,DUISHAOSHUMINZUDIQUGEXIANGGONGZUODEKAIZHANQIDAOLEHENDADETUIDONGZUOYONG。

WEILETUIDONGSHAOSHUMINZUDIQUJIANSHE,1952NIAN12YUE,ZHONGGONGZHONGYANGBANFALEGUANYUZHIDINGWUNIANJIANSHEJIHUAYINGZHONGSHISHAOSHUMINZUDIQUJIANSHEDEZHISHI,YAOQIU“JIANGSHAOSHUMINZUDIQUDEZHENGQUANJIANSHE、JINGJIJIANSHEHEWENJIAOJIANSHEJIQITAMINZUSHIWULIERUWUNIANJIANSHEJIHUAZHINEI”。ZAIZHONGYANGZHENGFUHEGEJIDIFANGZHENGFUDEDALIZHICHIHETUIDONGXIA,MINZUDIQUDEJINGJI、WENHUAHEGEXIANGSHEHUISHIYEMAICHULEJIANSHIDEBUFA。



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